Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve

Location: Maharashtra
Main Wildlife Attractions: Indian Tiger, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Wild dog, Jackal, Sambar, Indian Bison, Barking Deer, Blue Bull, Spotted Dear, Chausingha, Flying Squirrel, Wild Boar, Langur
Coverage Area: 625.4 Sq. Kms.
Established: Establishment of Andhari National Park, 1986 – Creation of Andhari Wildlife sanctuary, 1995 – Creation of Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve

At a Glance Situated in Maharashtra’s Chandrapur district, Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve has earned the distinction as the jewel in the state’s crown. Maharashtra’s largest national park is a treasure trove of threatened species and plays an important role as a functionary of Project Tiger. The name Tadoba is bestowed by the God ‘Tadoba’ or ‘Taru’ who as per legends, used to be the village chief of the local tribals.  A mythological encounter with a tiger describes the inherent ferocity and heroism of the God Taru. A temple built for Taru, on Tadoba Lake’s banks, is thronged by the devout Adivasis.  ‘Andhari’ comes from the mesmerizing Andhari River flowing through the dense forests.

The reserve sprawls over an area of 625.4 square kilometers. Dense jungles and heavily forested hills ranging 200 m to 350m make up its scenic northern and western boundaries. Wetland areas in the reserve include the Tadoba Lake, Kolsa Lake and Andhari River. Tadoba Lake is famed on account of its population of Mugger crocodiles. Predominant tree species in these forests are teak. Smooth meadows and beautiful valleys are also witnessed within this diverse landscape. Animals garner refuge in the various cliffs and caves spread throughout the region. Visiting several wildlife species in their natural surroundings offers lifetime memories. The reserve has excelled in the herculean task of offering security to endangered flora and fauna.

Climate The mercury exceeds 45 °C during the summers and can drop below 10 °C during peak winter season. The monsoon season prevailing from June to September offers respite to the wildlife suffering from the searing heat waves of the region.

Flora Dense woodlands are witnessed throughout the protected region and deciduous forest dominates here. Teak is found in abundance along with Ain, Dhauda, Bija, Hald, Salai, Semal and Tendu. This place is also renowned due to the existence of the fire-resistant species, Axlewood. The terrain of Tadoba is filled with black plum trees and bamboo thickets.

Fauna Various sorts of big mammals rule the roost in Tadoba reserve. Nearly 65 species of mammals can be spotted in these thick forests including Indian leopards, sloth bears, gaur, nilgai, dhole, striped hyena, small Indian civet, jungle cats, sambar, spotted deer, chital and chausingha. The Royal Bengal Tiger is the star attraction and heavily sought after by wildlife lovers and enthusiasts.

Sightings of the Marsh crocodile residing in Tadoba Lake, offers a welcome surprise for photographers.

Ornithologists won’t be disappointed as the reserve is a paradise for birds. Nearly 195 species of birds have been recorded here. The enchanting peacock has garnered the status of celebrity among them. Apart from it, birds to be found here consist of grey headed fish eagle, crested serpent eagle, changeable-hawk eagle, orange-headed thrush, lesser golden backed woodpecker and crested tree swift.

Apart that large variety of reptiles, butterflies and insects are also found in the reserve. Common ones are Indian star tortoise, Indian cobra, Russel’s viper, dragonflies, giant wood spider and red wood spiders.

Travel  Tips Though the park is open most of the time throughout the year, yet visitors are advised to plan their trip in advance. It is due to paucity accommodation options around the park.  Charges regarding hired vehicle, camera and guided are separately levied. Guests can enjoy elephant ride from the Moharli gate.

Best Time to Visit The best time to visit Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve is during the months of March-May and November- February. 

Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve Tours

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