Kaziranga National Park

Location: Assam
Main Wildlife Attractions: One-horned Rhinoceros, Asiatic Elephants, Wild Buffaloes, Royal Bengal Tiger
Coverage Area: 430 Sq Km
Established: 1974 as a National Park

At a Glance Kaziranga National Park lies on the banks of the mighty Brahmaputra River, Kaziranga National Park covers an area of approximately 430 Sq. kms with its swamps and tall thickets of elephant grass making it the ideal habitat for the Indian one-horned. The vast open country makes Kaziranga very accessible and wildlife viewing fairly pleasurable. Here one can leave in the early hours of the dawn for an elephant-back-ride.

One could closely see wild elephant herds roaming around or rhinos browse past visitors unconcernedly. Since Kaziranga is easily accessible, it provides a chance to see animals in the wild at close quarters, thus making a trip to this National Park a very rewarding experience. The Park lies in the flood plains of the Brahmaputra River. The Kabri Angling Hill ranges rise around the park pressing it against the Brahmaputra River, flowing as its northern boundary. Into the soup plate between the river and the ranges, flow several rivulets. The Kabri Angling Hill ranges rise around the park pressing it against the Brahmaputra River, flowing as its northern boundary. Into the soup plate between the river and the ranges, flow several rivulets. They bring down rich silt and sand, spread in small lakes, silt up the lakes to make swamp and marshes, alluvial grasslands rising to alluvial Savannah woodlands; and then as the land loses its moisture with height, rise to mixed deciduous forests and finally, to tropical evergreen forests. It is believed that if nature had not designed such a breathtakingly beautiful habitat, it would have been extremely difficult for man to create a national park with such natural diversities suited to a diverse range of animal species. Kaziranga National Park is the stronghold of the one horned rhinoceros. There are over 1000 rhinos in this reserve.

Climate & Rainfall The climate of Kaziranga Park is tropical. Summers (March to May) are hot with a maximum temperature approx 37°C and winters (November to February), are cold and dry with temperatures reaching a low 5 °C. Take cotton clothes for summers and do not forget to pack woolens during winters. The average annual rainfall is 2,220 mm. during the monsoon season lasts from June to September that brings heavy downpours which often flood the park.

Flora The flora in Kaziranga National Park chiefly constitute of three major types: alluvial inundated grasslands comprising of tall thickets of elephant grass and short grasses, tropical wet evergreen forests and tropical semi-evergreen forests. But, the main characteristics of flora in Kaziranga are the dense and tall elephant grass intermixed by small swamplands left behind by the receding floodwaters of the river Brahmaputra. In addition to grasses and forests, the swamps of Kaziranga National Park have an abundant cover of water lilies, water hyacinth and lotus, providing a beautiful look to the surroundings of the park. Rattan Cane, which is a type of climbing palm, also adds to the natural beauty of Kaziranga National Park. According to a Landsat data for 1986, the different vegetation coverage in Kaziranga National Park is as follows: Tall thickets of elephant grasses 41%, short grasses 11%, open jungle 29%, rivers and water bodies 8%, sand 6% and swamps 4%.

Fauna Mammals
Kaziranga National Park is one of the most picturesque wildlife parks in India. Apart from being home to the one-horned rhino, it is also the natural habitat of wild buffaloes, wild boars, elephants, Barasinghas (swamp and hog deer), leopards, tigers, Hoolock gibbons, Capped langur, Rock python and monitor lizards. Large areas of the park comprise of marshland interspersed with large pools fringed with reeds, patches of elephant grass, scattered trees, and thickets.

Birds
Kaziranga is also an ornithologist's delight and you can find a great number of avifaunal species here. The numerous water bodies of Kaziranga are rich reservoirs of food (including fish). Thousands of migratory birds visit the park seasonally from as far as Siberia. Major migratory birds are the grey pelican, black-necked stork, lesser adjutant stork, Pallas's fish eagle, grey-headed fish eagle, about 25-30 Bengal floricans, swamp partridge, grey peacock-pheasant, great pied hornbill, bar-headed goose, whistling teal, green imperial pigeon, and silver-breasted broadbill. Sunset is a pleasant sight as well, with the birds returning to their nests.

How to Reach By Air
Nearest Airport are Rowraiah (Jorhat) and LGBI Airport (Guwahati) which are 97 Kms. and 239 Kms. away respectively.

BY RAIL
Nearest Railway Station is located at Guwahati. from where frequent buses and taxis are easily available for transfers. Trains can be abraded for Guwahati almost from every part of the nation.

BY ROAD
Government transports are available frequently from nearest cities and towns such as Jorhat (89 Kms.), Nagaon (96 Kms.), Guwahati (219 Kms.), Golaghat (73 Kms.) and Bokakhat (21 Kms.).

Travel Tips Light cotton clothing in summer and woollen clothes are essential during winter if you are visiting Kaziranga National Park.

Best Time to Visit Best time for visit in Kaziranga national park is the winter season lasts between November and April. You can see the migratory birds closely in a fine temperature.

Kaziranga National Park Tours

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