Kanha National Park

Location: Madhya Pradesh
Main Wildlife Attractions: Striped Palm Squirrel, Common Langur, Jackal, Wild Pig, Spotted Deer, Barasingha or Swamp Deer, Sambar and Black Buck
Coverage Area: 1940 sq. km
Established: 1933 as a sanctuary, 1955 as a National Park and 1975 as a Tiger Reserve

At a Glance A land that inspired Rudyard Kipling to write his classic novel 'Jungle Book', the forested areas of Kanha, with their wild thickets of sal and bamboo forests, rolling meadows and dramatic ravines, are home to the Kanha National Park. The Created in 1955, the national park is today the core area of the Kanha Tiger Reserve, which came into being in 1974, under Project Tiger. The Banjar and the Halon valley form the two halves constituting the vast stretches of land that is the Kanha Tiger Reserve.

One of the greatest achievements of this park is perhaps its contribution in saving many endangered wildlife species, which nearly bordered extinction. The park today steadfastly guards the different genus of wildlife it domiciles and follows painstaking measures to maintain the overall protection of its flora, fauna and avifauna. The popular 'Sunset Point' or 'Bamni Dadar' inside the park is the best lookout point that allows visitors to soak the beautiful landscape of the park and relish rare sights of wildlife viewing.

Climate The temperature rages from a maximum of 42°C in May ad June to around 4°C in winter. Casual summer clothing of natural colours is best from March to May. From November to February carry warm clothing for chilly mornings and misty evening.

Flora The forest is mixed and given the high rainfall precipitation one finds extensive stretches of Sal (Shorea robusta), a tree of moist deciduous forest in central and north India. The Sal is good quality timber, the leaves are good fodder, fruits have nutritional & medicinal value and is valued greatly by tribals. The other common tree species belong to the Terminalia genus, the most numerous being what in India is popularly known as Crocodile bark, the earlier Scientific name being Terminalia tomentosa. Terminalia arjuna, locally called Arjun is distinct because of its pale bark and thick girth, is more common near water sources. Other Terminalia species are Terminalia chibula and Terminalia bellarica, Axle wood (Anogeisis latifolia), locally referred to as Dhaoda, good for making charcoal and agricultural implements is common. Labernum or Amaltas (Cassia fistula) with lovely yellow blossoms in the dry season and Flame of the forest or Palas (Butea frondosa) a glorious sight in the drier season when it is flowering, are found sprinkled all over the forest. Huge trees of Baja (Pterocarpus marsupium) & Haldu (Adena cardifolia) along with host of other large & small trees comprise the thick forest. Evergreen trees like Mango (Mangifera indica) and of Jamun or Black plum (Syzigium cumini) are also found. Bamboo thickets (Dendrocalamus strictus) are commonly found, the undergrowth is quite thick with species like Lantana and Glerodendron. The rolling meadows of grass and grassy plateau are integral to the health of the herbivore population. In some areas wildlife management practices have deliberately prevented the progression of secondary and climax vegetation to ensure adequate grasslands for the herbivores. No note on flora can be complete without a note on tall luxurian tree, Mahuwa (Madhuca Indica). Flowers of the tree useful as food and are source of very popular liquor which is compared to Ambrosia or nector of the god.

Fauna Trailing a wild tiger lazing around the shades of the forests of Kanha offers its own charm. In fact, the tigers remain the most exciting draw of the place. The park is also home to Sambars and Gaurs, which are generally seen in the green meadows, grazing away the grasses to glory. Animals like blackbuck and chital are also common sights. Other main wildlife attractions of the park include bison, barasingha, barking deer, black deer, chousingha, nilgai, mouse deer, sloth bear, jackal fox, porcupine, hyena, jungle cat, python, mongoose, and leopard. Apart from the many species of animals that contribute to the wealth of fauna of this jungled beauty, one can also notice a wide variety of exotic birds here. Avifauna of the park include bird species like storks, peacocks, teals, pintails, pond herons, egrets, pea fowl, jungle fowl, spur fowl, papihas, partridges, ring doves, quails, spotted parakeets, green pigeons, rock pigeons, cuckoos, rollers, bee-eater, hoopoes, drongos, warblers, kingfishers, woodpeckers, finches, orioles, owls, and fly catchers. Thus, the place is indeed an ornithological wonder and a paradise for all bird watchers.
Travel Tips Visitors are advised to reach the gate half an hour in advance to complete the formalities for entry into the park.

Best Time to Visit The visiting season of Kanha national park starts from November to June, as the park remains closed during the monsoon months from July to October.

Kanha National Park Tours

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