Great Himalayan National Park

Location: Himachal Pradesh
Main Wildlife Attractions: Asiatic Black Beer, Blue Sheep, Himalayan Brown Beer, Common Leopard, Himalayan Ghoral, Himalayan Musk Deer, Himalayan Tahr, Red Fox, Serow, Snow Leopard
Coverage Area: 1,171 sq. km.
Established: Constituted in 1984, Declared NP in 1999 and added UNESCO in 2014.

At a Glance Established in 1984, the Great Himalayan National Park rolls out some breathtaking natural beauty. This factor, coupled with its significant biological diversity has helped it in attaining the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Sprawled over 754.4 km2, this lush region displays snowy peaks while sitting in the lap of the gorgeous Himalayas. Mystical glaciers and unique ecological conditions of the Western Himalayas were salient features responsible for the park’s establishment in Himachal Pradesh’s Kullu district.

The high altitude park comprises of peaks ranging from 1,500 to 5,800 meters. The park area consists of watersheds of Jiwa, Sainj and Tirthan rivers and includes many endemic plant and animal species. A home to major pristine glaciers, the park is peppered with four crucial rivers. These rivers originate among the park’s glaciers themselves. Local people benefit a lot from the forest, because the forest environment offers them sustainable products like medicinal herbs, honey, fruit nuts, flowers, fuel wood, etc. The park is a trekker’s paradise and famous trekking regions are the Sainj-Tirthan valleys, Raktisar in Sainj valley, Gushaini to Shilt Hut, etc.

Climate Alpine and Western Himalayan temperate climate dominate the park. The hills experience heavy snowfall in the winter. January being the coldest month leads to temperature dropping to as low as –10 °C. On the other hand, the mercury touches nearly 40°C in the summer.

Flora The majestic Himalayas have fascinated travelers and local people since time immemorial. The national park’s landscape is dominated with conifer species, lofty pines, cedars, alpine herbs, junipers, oaks and endless varieties of vegetation. Beautiful Alpine meadows at the park will enchant visitors. Serene strea ms run from different ends of the park and alder, poplar, birch and willows are commonly spotted near them.

Fauna The Great Himalayan National Park is a reservoir of wildlife; with more than 375 fauna species comprising this glorious habitat. The list includes 31 mammals, 181 birds, 3 reptiles, 9 amphibians, 11 annelids, 17 mollusks and 127 insects. As per guidelines issued under Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, hunting is completely banned in the park premises.

A sight of the mysterious snow leopards is a visual delight for photographers and wildlife enthusiasts. Other Himalayan fauna prevalent here are the blue sheep, Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan Tahr, Bharal and Musk Deer. Bird watchers’ wouldn’t be disappointed as the park has ample numbers of Golden Eagles, Himalayan Griffon Vultures, pheasants such as Monal, etc.

Travel TipsBlessed with supreme biodiversity, the park is a gem of a destination for adventure lovers. Usually experienced trekkers are more encouraged to enter the park whereas the general tourists are offered option of exploring the Ecozone forests. Though light cotton garments can be carried during the summer months, still woolens should always be stacked as cold winds can engulf the environment anytime. Additional charges are levied on cameras, video and filming.

Best Time to Visit The best time to Visit the park is between the months May – September.

Great Himalayan National Park Tours

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