Warning: ob_start(): function 'ob' not found or invalid function name in /home/thewildl/public_html/inc/function.lib.php on line 2
Eravikulam National Park - Information, Safari and Tours | Wildlife of India

Eravikulam National Park

Location: Kerala
Main Wildlife Attractions: Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius), Nilgiri marten, Asian small-clawed otter, dusky striped squirrel, Ruddy mongoose,Wild dog, Leopard, Tiger, and about 120 species of birds
Coverage Area: 97 Sq Km
Established: 1975 as a Wildlife Sanctuary, 1978 as a National Park

At a Glance A sanctuary for the endangered mountain goat of South India, the Nilgiri Tahr (Hemitragus hylocrious), the Eravikulam National Park stands out for the stark beauty of its rolling grasslands and sholas, spread over 97 sq km in the Rajamalai hills. Anamudi, the highest peak (2695 m) south of the Himalayas, towers over the sanctuary in majestic pride. The slopes of the hills abound in all kinds of rare flora and fauna. The Atlas moth, the largest of its kind in the world, is a unique inhabitant of the park. Other rare species of fauna found here are the Nilgiri Langur, the lion-tailed macaque, leopards, tigers, etc.

An ideal place for trekking, facilities are provided here and tourists are allowed to go on foot up to Anamudi. A protected area, the sanctuary is divided into three regions - the core area, the buffer area and the tourism area. Visitors are allowed only to the tourism area - Rajamalai - the region lying beyond the road entry into Eravikulam. Here one can observe the Nilgiri Tahr at close quarters.

Climate & Rainfall The climate of this region is greatly influenced by the south-western monsoon. June, July and August are the monsoon months and this is the period when the region receives maximum rainfall while April and May are the hottest months. January and February receive little rain and the weather is generally clear during this time of the year.

Flora Three major type of plant communities are found in the park – grassland, shrublands and forests. The terrain above 2000m is covered primarily by grasslands. However, there are numerous small patches of forests in hollows and gullies in these areas. The deeper valleys are extensively forested. Shrublands predominate along the bases of the cliffs and interspersed in rocky slab areas. The antibacterial Eupatorium glandulosum is found here.

Fauna Mammals
Eravikulam National Park gives shelter to the largest surviving population of world famous Nilgiri Tahr which was recored1317 according to the 1991 census.

Tigers, leopards and wild dogs are main predators usually sighted in both the open grass land shola forests. Sloth bear, Nilgiri langur and wild boar are generally found in sholas and their fringes. The Atlas moth, the largest of its kind in the world, is also seen in this park, other rare species of fauna found here are the Nilgiri Langur, the lion-tailed macaque etc.

Birds
Around 120 species of avifauna have been recorded including endemics like black and ornage flycatcher, Nilgiri wood pegeon, Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri verditer flycatcher, White bellied shortwing, and Kerala laughing thrush. Endemics confined to the shola-grass land ecosystem like the Palni fourwing and red disk bushbrown are among the 100 types of butterflies found inside the park.

How to Reach By Air
Nearest airports are Cochin International Airport in Kerala, about 150 km and Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu, about 175 km. Taxi and Buses are easily available from both the cities.

BY RAIL
The nearest railway station is Aluva in Kerala, about 120 km from Munnar, which is well connected from the other cities in India.

BY ROAD
Eravikulam is about 13 km from Munnar, well connected to other cities of Kerala and Tamil Nadu by Public transport buses.

Travel Tips An ideal place for trekking, facilities are provided here and guests are allowed to go on foot up to Anamudi.

Best Time to Visit September to November and from April to June is the best season to visit Eravikulam National Park. The park is closed for the visitors during the monsoon.

Eravikulam National Park Tours

Back to Top