Dibru Saikhowa Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Tinsukia district, Assam
Main Wildlife Attractions: Ferel horses, Asiatic Wild Buffalo, White winged wood duck, Salix swamp and migratory birds
Coverage Area: 340 sq. km.
Established: 1986 as a Wildlife Sanctuary and in 1999 as a National Park

At a Glance Dibru Saikhowa National Park is one of the 19 (nineteen) biodiversity hotspots in the world. It mainly consists of semi wet evergreen forests, tropical moist deciduous forest, bamboo, cane brakes and grasslands. Situated in the flood plains of Brahmaputra, at an altitude of 118 m above sea level, Dibru-Saikhowa is a safe haven for many extremely rare and endangered species of wildlife, including over 300 species of avifauna both endangered and migratory, as well as various species of shrubs, herbs and rare medicinal plants.

Though the park was primarily meant for the conservation of White winged wood duck in its natural habitat, it is also the famous for its bright colored wild horses known as Feral Horses. Some rare and endangered animals of this sanctuary are Hoolock gibbon, capped langur, slow loris, water buffalo, tiger, elephant, gangetic river dolphin etc. Bird life consists of Spot billed pelican, White bellied heron, Pallah's fishing eagle, Pale capped pigeon, Swamp francolin etc. and migratory birds like Geyleg goose, Brahmini duck, Bar-headed goose, pelican, Black stork etc.

Climate & Rainfall The climate is tropical. Summers are hot and wet where as winters are cold and dry. The annual rainfall ranges between 2300 mm. and 3800 mm. June to September is the main rainy season. The annual temperature ranges from a minimum of 7°C and to a maximum of 34°C.

Flora The forest kind of Dibru-Saikhowa consists of semi-evergreen forests, deciduous, littoral and swamp forests and patches of wet evergreen forests. The National Park is having about 35.84% moist mixed forests, 9.50% degraded forest and 21.25% grassland. Major tree species of the area are tetrasperma, Dillenia indica, Bischofi a javanica, Bombax ceiba, Lagerstroemia parviflora, Terminalia myriocarpa, Mesua ferrea, Dalbergia sissoo, Ficus are some of the species of the orchid flora of Dibru-Saikhowa, Arundo donax, Imperata cylindrica, Phragmaties karka, Erianthus ravanea are principal types of grasses in the National Park.

Fauna Mammals
Total 36 species of mammals have so far been recorded from the Dibru-Saikhowa, of which 12 are listed in the schedule 1 of Wild life (Protection) Act 1972. The mammalian species of Dibru-Saikhowa includes Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Jungle Cat, Sloth Bear, Dhole, Small Indian Civet, Malayan Giant Squirrel, Chinese Pangolin, Gangetic Dolphin, Slow Loris, Pig Tailed Macaque, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Capped Langur, Hollock Gibbon, Asian Elephant, Wild Boar, Sambar, and Hog Deer, barking Deer, Asiatic Water Buffalo, and Feral Horses etc.

Reptiles
Dibru-Saikhowa is uniformly rich and diver in herpetofauna. 2 species of Monitor Lizards, 8 species of Turtles and 8 species of Snakes have so far been recorded from the Dibru-Saikhowa.

Birds
The avi fauna of Dibru-Saikhowa includes Greater Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Great Grebe, Indian Shag,Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Night Heron,Yellow Bittern,Openbill Stork, Black Stork, Large Whisstling Teal, Greylag Groose,Common Pintail, Pallas's Fishing Eagle, Griffon Vulture, Osprey, Crested Serpent Eagle,Spot Billed Pelican, White Winged Duck, Bear's Poachard, Greater Spotted Eagle, Bengal Florican, Pale Capped Pigon, Great Pied Hornbill, March Babbler, Jardon's Babbler, Black Breasted Parrotbill etc.

How to Reach The Park can be visited by staying at Tinsukia town from where you can catch buses directly to the national park in Dibru Saikhova.

By Air
Mohanbari (Dibrugarh) is the nearest Airport, which is about 40 kms. away from Tinsukia town.

By Rail 
One of the easiest ways to reach Tinsukia town is travelling by trains. You can opt for Rajdhani trains from Delhi city which pass through the route to Dibrugarh.

By Road 
Buses can be taken to the town of Tinsukia which is well connected with Dibrugarh town by NH. 37 and the distance is 55 kms. The distance between the city of Guwahati and Dibru Saikhova National Park will be around 500 kilometers approximately. Travel through the buses can get quite uncomfortable due to improper maintenance and crowd.

Travel Tips Permission is required for entry into the park. Guijan Ghat (10km from Tinsukia) and Saikhowa ghat are the two entry points for tourists. Entry before sunrise and after sunset as well as night halt and picnicking inside the Park is not allowed. There are two forest villages Dhadia and Laika inside the park.

Best Time to Visit November to April is the best season to visit Dibru Saikhowa National Park, during this period you can enjoy watching migratory birds which are the main attraction of the park.

Dibru Saikhowa Wildlife Sanctuary Tours

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